Co-Editors and Authors

David E. Bloom is Clarence James Gamble Professor of Economics and Demography at the Harvard School of Public Health. He earned his PhD in Economics and Demography from Princeton University in 1981. Bloom is a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, Faculty Research Associate at the National Bureau of Economic Research, and Research Fellow at IZA in Bonn. He directs Harvard’s Program on the Global Demography of Aging, was co-director of the World Bank/UNESCO-sponsored Task Force on Higher Education, and was co-director of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences' research program on universal basic and secondary education. Bloom currently serves as Chair of the Forum’s Global Agenda Council on Education and Skills.

Ayla Goksel is Chief Executive Officer of ACEV, a Turkish NGO working in early childhood, female literacy, and parent training. ACEV has provided education services for over 800,000 individuals and trained 9,000 teachers and volunteers. Goksel is also Chief Executive Officer of the Hüsnü M. Özyeðin Foundation, Trustee of Ozyegin University, and a board member of the Education Reform Initiative and TOHUM Foundation for Autism. She is a Young Global Leader of the World Economic Forum, a Senior Fellow of the Synergos Institute, a Qatar Foundation WISE Laureate, and a World Economic Forum Global Agenda Council member. Goksel holds a BSc from the University of Bath, an MSc from the London School of Economics, and has conducted fellowships at Johns Hopkins University and Harvard University.

Jody Heymann is Dean and Distinguished Professor of Epidemiology at the UCLA Fielding School of Public Health, Distinguished Professor of Public Policy at the Luskin School of Public Affairs, and Distinguished Professor of Medicine at the Geffen School of Medicine. Heymann is founding director of the World Policy Analysis Center (WPAC). WPAC is the largest global data centre of quantitative indicators of law and policy, including over 1,000 aspects of social policy for 193 UN countries. Author of Children’s Chances: How Countries Can Move from Surviving to Thriving (Harvard University Press), Heymann served as past chair of the Forum’s Global Agenda Council on Education. She is an elected member of the U.S. Institute of Medicine and a Fellow of the Canadian Academy of Health Sciences.

Yoko Ishikura is a Professor at Keio University’s Graduate School of Media Design. Prior to her current position, Ishikura was a manager at McKinsey & Company Inc., a professor at the School of International Politics, Economics and Business at Aoyama Gakuin University, and a professor at the Graduate School of International Corporate Strategy at Hitotsubashi University. She has also served as a non-executive director for companies in Japan, the United States, and the United Kingdom, as well as vice president of the Science Council of Japan. She received a BA from Sophia University in Tokyo, Japan, MBA from the University of Virginia Darden School of Business, and a Doctor of Business Administration from Harvard Business School.

Brij Kothari conceived Same Language Subtitling (SLS) on mainstream television for mass literacy and continues to research and advocate for its implementation in India and other low-literacy countries. He is a Schwab Social Entrepreneur, Ashoka Fellow, and on the faculty of the Indian Institute of Management, Ahmedabad. Kothari founded PlanetRead, a non-profit, and BookBox, a social enterprise company. These organizations leverage SLS for reading and language learning via popular entertainment, mass media, and ICTs. He has a PhD in Education from Cornell University and currently serves as Vice-Chair of the World Economic Forum’s Global Agenda Council on Education and Skills.

Patricia A. Milligan is the President of Mercer’s North America Region. Over her 25-year career, she has held various leadership positions including the President of Mercer’s Talent business and Chief Markets Officer. She has been a pioneer in innovative work in the area of human capital, including HR function, talent management, and rewards strategy. Milligan is widely recognized as a thought leader in solving global human capital challenges. She is also a strong advocate for the development and mentorship of women, serving as executive sponsor for Women@Mercer. She currently serves as the Co-Vice Chair of the World Economic Forum’s Global Agenda Council on Education and Skills. Milligan earned her MBA at the Kellogg Graduate School of Management at Northwestern University and is a graduate of Georgetown Univer- sity’s School of Foreign Service.

Chip Paucek is an education entrepreneur and Co-Founder and Chief Executive Officer of 2U, Inc. Prior to 2U, Paucek served as Chief Executive Officer of Hooked on Phonics, founded Cerebellum Corporation, the company behind the award-winning educational Standard Deviants television program, and also co-managed the re-election campaign of Senator Barbara Mikulski of Maryland.He also serves on the World Economic Forum’s Global Agenda Council on Education and Skills and won Ernst & Young’s Entrepreneur Of The Year AwardTM in Maryland.

Other Authors

Mehnaz Aziz is the Founding Director of Children’s Global Network Pakistan, a leading non-profit educational institution, implementing education reforms in Pakistan. She has served as a senior member of the Education Task Force under the Prime Minister of Pakistan and is also a member of Punjab Compulsory Education Commission. She initiated the Early Childhood Care and Development Centre of Excellence at CGN-P and currently serves on the Board of Directors for 'Zara Sochiyay', National Media Campaign on Education. She is also a member of the World Economic Forum's Global Agenda Council on Pakistan. Aziz holds an M.Sc. in Anthropology from Quaid-e-Azam University, Pakistan and an M.A. in Gender and Development from the Institute of Development Studies at Sussex University, UK.

Arup Banerji is Director and Head of the Global Practice on Social Protection and Labor at the World Bank. He is a Research Fellow at the Institute for Labour Economics (IZA), co-chairs the Social Protection Inter-Agency Coordination Board and the Youth Employment Network, and serves as a member of the G20 Task Force on Employment. He has co-authored two World Development Reports and overseen a third. Banerji has written books and academic papers on topics including employment and labour markets, skills, aging, social protection systems, and institutions and governance. He earned his PhD in Economics from the University of Pennsylvania in 1991, and has taught at the University of Pennsylvania and the Center for Development Economics at Williams College. He is currently a member of the Global Economic Forum’s Global Agenda Council on Youth Unemployment.

Pia Rebello Britto is the Senior Advisor and Global Chief for Early Childhood Development at UNICEF. She earned her PhD in Developmental Psychology from Columbia University in 1999. Prior to her position at UNICEF, she was an Assistant Professor at Yale University and the Associate Director of the Edward Zigler Center for Child Development and Social Policy at Yale. Britto is known internationally for her work on creating evidence-based early childhood programs and policies, primarily in low- and middle-income countries.

Gordon Brown is the United Nations Special Envoy for Global Education and Member of Parliament for Kirkcaldy and Cowdenbeath in the United Kingdom. He served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom and Leader of the Labour Party from 2007 to 2010 and is widely credited with preventing a second Great Depression through his stewardship of the 2009 London G20 summit. Previously, he served as Chancellor of the Exchequer from 1997 to 2007, making him the longest-serving Chancellor in modern history. Brown is the author of several books, including Beyond the Crash: Overcoming the First Crisis of Globalisation, and a forthcoming work 2025: Shaping a New Future.

Ciara Browne is Associate Director of The Global Competitiveness Network, where her responsibilities include managing the network of Partner Institutes worldwide and coordinating the Executive Opinion Survey process. Browne is also involved in the production of the Global Competi- tiveness Report and the Network’s other benchmarking studies. She works closely with the World Economic Forum’s media team in conveying the findings of the various competitiveness reports to the media and the public. She is also respon- sible for the organization and manage- ment of a series of competitiveness workshops in Sub-Saharan Africa.

Jose Ferreira is the founder and Chief Executive Officer of Knewton, the world’s leading adaptive learning company. Knewton was named a Technology Pioneer by the World Economic Forum at Davos, where Ferreira is a member of the Global Agenda Council on Education. He graduated from Carleton College with a BA in Philosophy and received his MBA from Harvard Business School. Before founding Knewton, he worked as a Kaplan executive, derivatives trader, venture capitalist, and strategist for John Kerry's presidential campaign.

Thierry Geiger is an Economist and Associate Director with The Global Com- petitiveness Network at the World Economic Forum. He leads the competitiveness research on Asia, supervises the develop- ment and computation of a wide range of composite indicators, and is responsible for the Network’s technical assistance and capacity building activities. His areas of expertise are private sector development, international trade, and applied economics. Geiger is a co-author of the Forum’s flagship publications The Global Competitiveness Report, The Global Information Technology Report, and The Global Enabling Trade Report. He is the lead author of several regional and country studies.

Martina Gmür is Senior Director at the World Economic Forum. She currently heads the Global Knowledge Networks, which includes the Network of Global Agenda Councils, a braintrust of over 1,000 global experts across multi- disciplinary fields, and the Global Academic Networks, the foremost global community of universities, think tanks and other research based organizations. She is also the editor of the Outlook on the Global Agenda, which provides a top-of-mind perspective from the Global Agenda Councils on the challenges and opportunities ahead. Previously, she oversaw the development of the Forum of Young Global Leaders, a community of exceptional young leaders around the world. Prior to joining the World Economic Forum, she was associate vice-president with Lazar & Company, a New York- based investment bank, and she has held positions in marketing and sales at Nestlé Switzerland. Larkin holds an MBA and a BS in Finance, and is a member of a number of non-profit boards and a Yale World Fellow 2011.

Lauren Graybill is a current student at Harvard School of Public Health working toward her Master of Science in Global Health and Population. She graduated from Northeastern University with a BS in economics in 2013, and worked at Pathfinder International and John Snow Incorporated as a co-op student on projects based in Uganda, Ethiopia, Pakistan, Papua New Guinea, and South Africa. Her research is currently focused on the effect of macroeconomic policies on infant mortality rates; however, she is also pursuing opportunities in the field of global health epidemiology.

Salal Humair is a Research Scientist in the Department of Global Health and Population, Harvard School of Public Health. Previously, he has served as an Associate Professor and as Associate Dean at the School of Science and Engineering, established in 2008 at the Lahore University of Management Sciences in Pakistan; and as a Principal Software Engineer at Optiant, Inc., a start-up company that focused on supply chain optimization software. He obtained his doctorate in Operations Research from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 2001. His current work spans a range of public health policy questions, as well as traditional operations areas such as supply chain optimization theory and practice.

Emmanuel Jimenez is Director of Public Sector Evaluations at the World Bank Group. Prior to holding this position, he was responsible for the Bank’s operational programme in Human Development for the Asia regions and, before that, served in its research department. Jimenez led the core team that prepared The World Development Report 2007: Development and the Next Generation and is editor of the journal, The World Bank Research Observer. Before joining the Bank, Jimenez was on the economics faculty at the University of Western Ontario. He received his PhD from Brown University and currently serves as vice-chair of the World Economic Forum’s Global Agenda Council on Population Growth.

Omobola Johnson is the Honourable Minister for Communication Technology of the Federal Republic of Nigeria. Prior to her appointment, she was Country Managing Director of Accenture, Nigeria. Johnson holds a Bachelor's Degree in Electrical and Electronic Engineering from the University of Manchester and a Master’s degree in Digital Electronics from King's College, London. She is also nearing completion of a doctorate at Cranfield University, focused on corporate leadership practices in emerging markets. Johnson currently serves as Vice-Chair of the World Economic Forum’s Global Agenda Council on Africa and is a member of the United Nations' Broadband Commission Working Group on Gender and Broadband. Johnson is also a member of the International Telecommunications Union’s m-Powering Development Advisory Board.

Jeremy Johnson is Co-Founder of 2U. A lifelong entrepreneur, he founded his first company at 15 and his second, a social network around the college admissions process, at 21 while a student at Princeton University. He has been named to both Forbes’ and Inc. Magazine's 30 Under 30 lists and was named “one of the 30 Most Influential Entrepreneurs” in 2011 and 2012 by Under30 Chief Executive Officer. Johnson has spoken on education and innovation at the White House, in front of Congress, and at conferences and universities around the world. He serves on a handful of boards including the Young Entrepreneur Council and PENCIL, and has been a mentor for both the TechStars and the TechStars EdTech Accelerators.

Vivian Lopez is UNICEF’s Middle East and North Africa Regional Adviser for Adolescent Development in New York, and serves on the Global Agenda Council on Youth Unemployment. Previously, she was a member of UNICEF’s Latin America and Caribbean HIV/AIDS team. Lopez serves as a consultant with various organizations: UNAIDS, World Health Organization, Inter-American Development Bank, Pan American Health Organization, and UN Secretariat’s Youth Unit. In the past, Lopez was a Medical Faculty Research Fellow at Catholic University of Chile, a Rotary Ambassadorial Scholar and a researcher at Yale Center for Interdisciplinary Research on AIDS. Lopez holds an MS in Public Health from Yale University, and a BSc in Biology and Community Health from Tufts University.

Leslie Maasdorp is the President for the Southern Africa region at Bank of America-Merrill Lynch. Prior to this role he served as Vice Chairman of Barclays Capital and Absa Capital. He is a former International Adviser to Goldman Sachs. In 1994, after the transition to democracy in South Africa he was appointed Special Adviser to the Minister of Labour. In 1999, he was appointed as Deputy Director General in the Department of Public Enterprises leading the restructuring and privatisation programme in the South African Government. He holds a BA in Economics and Psychology and an MSc in Economics from the School of Oriental and African Studies at the University of London. In 2007 he was appointed a Young Global Leader by the World Economic Forum.

Jamie McAuliffe is President and Chief Executive Officer of Education for Employment (EFE), a non-profit dedicated to creating jobs for Arab youth in the Middle East and North Africa. Prior to EFE, Jamie was at the Edna McConnell Clark Foundation (EMCF) where he helped bring proven youth-serving organizations to national scale. He has worked with Ashoka where he launched new programs to support leading social entrepreneurs globally. A graduate of Johns Hopkins School of Advanced International Studies, Jamie is also a graduate of Teach for America and the Coro Fellows program for Public Affairs. He is a Schwab Foundation Global Social Entrepreneur and Chairs the World Economic Forum’s Global Agenda Council on Youth Unemployment.

Colin McElwee is Co-Founder of not-for- profit Worldreader, which aims to eradicate illiteracy across the globe. He has a degree in economics from the University of Manchester and began his career as an economist for several Brussels-based lobbies to the European Commission. He later worked in global marketing in the consumer goods sector for Scottish & Newcastle PLC before joining ESADE Business School as their first director of marketing. He has an MBA from ESADE and is an invited member of the World Economic Forum’s Global Agenda Council on Africa.

Sami Mahroum is Founding Director of INSEAD’s Innovation and Policy Initiative. Previously, Mahroum was a Senior Analyst with the OECD, a Visiting Reader at Birkbeck College, University of London, and Research Director at NESTA. He has contributed to the UK Innovation White Paper, the OECD Innovation Strategy, and the Europe 2010 Futures project. He is a member of the World Economic Forum’s Global Agenda Councils on Education and Skills, and a former member of the London-based RSA. He has been a Visiting Reader at the University of London and a Visiting Professor at the EPFL in Lausanne, and AUB in Beirut. Mahroum holds a PhD in the Social Studies of Science, Technology, and Innovation from the German Armed Forces University, an MSc in Science and Technology Dynamics from the University of Amsterdam, and a BA in Political Science and Economic Development from the University of Oslo, Norway.

Amina J. Mohammed is Special Adviser on Post-2015 Development Planning for the United Nations, a post to which she was appointed in 2012 by the Secretary General. Mohammed has more than 30 years’ experience as a development practitioner in the public and private sectors, as well as civil society. Prior to her UN role, she served as Senior Special Assistant to the President of Nigeria on the Millennium Development Goals, serving three Presidents over a period of six years. Mohammed has served on numerous international advisory panels and boards. She is a recipient of the Nigerian ‘National Honours Award of the Order of the Federal Republic’ and was inducted in the Nigerian Women’s Hall of Fame in 2007.

Kenneth M. O’Friel is a sophomore at Bates College in Maine. He is currently studying to be a double major in Economics and East Asian Studies with a concentration in Applied Mathematics.

Amy Rosen is Chief Executive Officer and President of the Network for Teaching Entrepreneurship (NFTE), which has educated more than 500,000 young people from low-income communities from around the world. She is passionate about providing all young people with the knowledge and skills necessary to pursue successful futures. A recognized expert in education and systemic change, she brings to this work a deep belief in the entrepreneurial mindset and empowering young people to seek education and opportunity. She serves as the Vice Chair of President Obama’s Advisory Council on Financial Capability and is Vice Chair of the World Economic Forum’s Youth Unemployment Council. Rosen spent 20 years as an effective, entrepreneurial leader of transportation systems and start-up companies. She has lectured, written, and received numerous public recognitions of her work.

Larry Rosenberg is recently retired from a position as Senior Research Associate in the Department of Global Health and Population at the Harvard School of Public Health. A graduate of Harvard’s Kennedy School of Government, he has worked on projects relating to health, education, demographic change, economic growth, poverty alleviation, social protection, tax policy, the Israeli- Palestinian conflict, and wind energy. His research interests center on economic inequality, the effects of climate change, and political and economic development in Latin America and Asia.

Jose Manuel Salazar-Xirinachs is Assistant-Director General for Policy at the International Labour Organization (ILO). Before that, he was Executive Director for Employment at the ILO. Previously he has served as Director of the Office of Trade, Growth and Competitiveness at the Organization of American States; Minister of Foreign Trade of Costa Rica; Chief economist and later Executive Director of the Federation of Private Entities of Central America and Panama, the main regional private sector think-tank at the time; member of the Board of Directors of the Central Bank of Costa Rica; and Executive President of the Costa Rican Development Corporation. He has authored numerous journal articles on development, trade, and competitiveness policies, and has written and edited several books, including Towards Free Trade in the Americas, Promoting Sustainable Enterprises, Trade and Employment: From Myths to Facts. He holds a PhD from Cambridge University.

Zeba Sathar is the Country Director of the Population Council Pakistan Office. She has worked at the Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, the World Bank, the World Fertility Survey and London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine. She has authored several articles and papers and recently co- authored a book on “Capturing the Demographic Dividend in Pakistan.” Sathar was awarded the Tamgha-i-Imtiaz in 2006 in recognition of meritorious services to the development sector in Pakistan. She holds a doctorate in Medical Demography from the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, and a MSc. in Demography from the London School of Economics.

Elizabeth Scott is a research associate for INSEAD’s Innovation and Policy Initiative at the Abu Dhabi Campus. She has written on economic development, innovation policy, business management, and leadership development. She has also worked as Coordinator of INSEAD’s Case Development Centre. Previously, Scott worked with the Abu Dhabi Department of Economic Development’s Centre for Economic Knowledge where she re- searched areas of best practice in government leadership and economic policy issues and supported the Depart- ment’s leadership development pro- gramme. She has also worked as an economist with IMS Health and the Reserve Bank of Australia, as a manage- ment consultant at KPMG, and in strategic and business planning at the University of Technology Sydney and Greater Union Group of Companies. Scott holds an undergraduate degree in Economics from the University of Adelaide, and post-grad- uate diplomas in Health Economics from Curtin University of Technology and Applied Finance and Investment (Securi- ties Institute of Australia).

Patty P. Sung is the Innovation Team Leader at Mercer. She has been at the forefront of Mercer’s innovation effort and was recently appointed to co-lead new business and product development. Sung also has had extensive experience working with senior executives on developing and executing firm-wide strategic initiatives and transformational plans. And she worked in Singapore to help expand Mercer’s business in the South East Asia market. Prior to Mercer, she held various research positions in the field of Biotechnology. She holds a Master’s degree in Biotechnology from Columbia University, and a Bachelor’s degree in Biochemistry from the University of California, Berkeley.

Tae Yoo is Senior Vice President of Cisco’s corporate social responsibility practice. A 20-year veteran of Cisco, her insight and business acumen have enabled Cisco to collaborate across government, business, and NGO sectors for tangible social benefit. Her leadership has helped make Cisco Networking Academy one of the largest education programs in the world, recognized globally for its innovative approach to providing ICT education. Yoo is a trustee of the Cisco Foundation, sits on the board of Business for Social Responsibility and the Leadership Council for The Franklin Project at the Aspen Institute. She was Co-Chair of the World Economic Forum’s Global Agenda Council on Education Systems. She has also served on the City Year National board and the Smithsonian National Museum of the American History board, as well as the advisory boards of the Global Philanthropy Forum and the Women’s Technology Cluster.

Christina Yu is a Marketing Manager at Knewton and a part-time MBA candidate at the NYU Stern School of Business, where she is specializing in Marketing, Media and Entertainment. She holds an AB in English and Creative Writing from Dartmouth College and an MFA in Creative Writing from Notre Dame, where she was the Diversity Fellow and the Nicholas Sparks Fellow at Hachette Book Group. Prior to Knewton, she worked as a lecturer in English literature and composition at Kean University and Southern Connecticut State University. In recent years, her fiction has appeared in literary magazines nationwide and has been nominated and cited in several Best American anthologies.

Saadia Zahidi is a Senior Director at the World Economic Forum. With the World Economic Forum, she started as Econo- mist, Global Competitiveness Pro- gramme, responsible for economic analysis for the Global Competitiveness reports and other topical and regional studies. She currently heads the Women Leaders and Gender Parity Programme; the Human Capital Project; and Constitu- ents. She is the founder and co-author of the Global Gender Gap Report series, which benchmarks countries according to the size of their gender gaps on health, education, economic participation, and political empowerment. Zahidi holds a BA (with Honors) in Economics from Smith College, a Masters in International Economics from the Graduate Institute of International Studies, and Masters of Public Administration from Harvard University.

Acknowledgements

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